Painting is a creative medium of expression through which an artist tries to present his or her thoughts to the world. It is difficult for many people to perceive the meaning and depth of the piece of art that the painter creates. For ages, we have tried to decode the ideas that famous painters have tried to put forth and yet, we cannot state with confidence that we have been completely successful in doing so.

When you place a painting in the office or at home, it becomes a conversation starter. It gives a nice touch to the ambiance and also enhances the intellectual value of your space. In the contemporary form of painting, artists have come up with a new form of painting which we have labeled as Modern Art. Modern Paintings are intriguing; they evoke emotions and plunge our thoughts to new depths. These paintings are a great decor as well as carry a good monetary value. To develop an understanding of the modern art, it is important that you become familiar to the styles of modern painting and how to recognize one from the other. To this effect, let us take a look at the various styles of modern painting.

Modern Painting was a rebellious form of art, set apart from the inflexible and traditional art form set by the French Institutions, which came into existence in the 1860s. After its recognition as a different form of painting, it has evolved and branched into ten different & popular styles of Modern Painting which reflect its spirit.

Abstract Art – It is a style of painting which does not reflect any symbolic truth. Here, the painter uses different shapes and colors to reveal emotions while mentioning the matter in a plain form. This form of art has branched into more styles like, Abstract Expressionism, Color Field, Lyrical Abstraction and Cubism. From the different kinds of Abstract Art, you can choose the paintings to buy depending on where you will place the painting.

Abstract Art

Surrealism – In the Surrealism for of Modern Painting, the artist pairs various images close together to give it a ‘Wow’ effect. The images do not necessarily have a connection but they have an illusion kind of effect on its viewers. It focuses on reaching your suppressed and intuitive side.

Conceptual Art – In this, the painter is obsessed with the concept or subject of the painting. The painters believe that their work of art is complemented by the viewer as they are very often simply a set of directives.

Pop Art – It revolves around our day-to-day subjects like celebrities, advertisements or children’s books. It is closer to reality and symbolism in art. This form of modern painting became popular in mid-1950s in the European Continent.

pop art

Photorealism – As the name suggests, the Photorealist paintings depict reality to the smallest of details. It is as if the artist has captured a photograph in the painting. This form of art requires high technical skills and abilities to recreate something real on the canvas.

Hyperrealism – It is a step further ahead of the Photorealism where the painters actually photograph the subject using high-resolution cameras and then recreate it in a painting. These paintings are hyper as they imbibe enhanced shadow effects, depict more life in the subject and hence tend to give a false impression.

Minimalism – The Minimalist paintings stress on simplicity by reducing the subject only to its basic elements. The artist has the freedom to decide the level of complexity the subject should have, depending on their vision and liking.


Futurism – As the name rightly suggests, the subjects that are painted in these paintings are those concerned with our future like, technology, ecology, violence etc in the world. The Futurist painters note the human race as the achievers against all the diversities presented to us by nature.

Impressionism – This is one of the first popular forms of modern paintings which emerged in France. It focuses on the effects of light and is characterized by thin brushstrokes. The painters depict the play of sunlight with the subject in an outdoor environment.

Fauvism – The Fauvist painters take up simple subjects to paint but enjoy the freedom to paint them in strong colors and using wild brush strokes. Even though this form came into existence after Impressionism, they are not focused on retaining the real form of the subject.